EV Charger Installation for Homeowners

Electrical automobiles have turn into more and more widespread in recent times as individuals have turn into extra conscious of the environmental influence of gas-powered vehicles. With the expansion of the electrical car market, there has additionally been a rise within the want for charging infrastructure to assist these automobiles. Whereas public charging stations have gotten extra frequent, putting in a house EV charger gives quite a few advantages, together with cheaper and extra handy charging. So, how do you put in an EV charging station at residence? 

On this Redfin article, we’ll discover every part it’s good to find out about EV charger set up, from getting began, to advantages and disadvantages, to value concerns. Whether or not you reside in an house in Wilmington, NC, to a home in Duluth, MN, learn on to be taught extra.

What’s an EV charger?

An EV charger, often known as an electrical car charger or charging station, is a tool that expenses the batteries of electrical automobiles (EVs). EV chargers provide electrical energy to a car’s battery and are designed to work with particular kinds of electrical vehicles and battery configurations. 

Putting in an EV charger at house is handy and cost-effective. Not solely does it get rid of the necessity to go to a public charging station, but it surely additionally permits for charging anytime with out worrying about availability or ready in line. 

EV charger set up: how you can set up an electrical automobile charger

The set up course of requires some planning and preparation, however is normally simple. Listed below are the six basic steps for putting in an EV charger at residence:

  1. Decide the kind of charger you want: Earlier than you begin the set up course of, decide the kind of charger you want based mostly in your car’s charging necessities and your price range. You’ll be able to select from Degree 1, Degree 2, or Degree 3 chargers, though Degree 3 chargers are unsuitable for residential use as a consequence of set up prices and electrical energy necessities. 
  2. Get obligatory permits: Relying in your location, it’s possible you’ll must get hold of permits earlier than putting in an EV charger. Verify along with your native authorities earlier than beginning the set up course of.
  3. Select a location for the charger: The best charger location is near the place you park your car, with easy accessibility to {the electrical} panel. You must also think about elements such because the size of the charging cable and in case you want climate safety.
  4. Set up a devoted circuit: When you’re putting in a Degree 2 or Degree 3 charger, it’s good to set up a devoted circuit that may deal with {the electrical} load of the charger. This requires hiring a licensed electrician to put in the circuit and any obligatory upgrades to your electrical panel.
  5. Set up the charger: As soon as the devoted circuit is in place, you possibly can set up the charger. The set up course of varies relying on the kind of charger and the producer’s directions.
  6. Take a look at the charger: After the set up is full, it’s time to check the charger to make sure it’s functioning accurately. You’ll be able to take a look at the charger by plugging in your electrical automobile and monitoring the charging course of. Many charging stations include apps that assist you to decide charging charges and electrical energy prices.

Twine size

It’s essential to think about wire size when putting in an EV charger at residence; it’s a lot simpler and cheaper in case you can park your automobile near an present energy supply. Fortunately, new chargers normally include round 25 toes of cable, which is greater than sufficient for many setups. 


What kinds of EV chargers are there?

A number of EV chargers can be found available on the market, differentiated by their charging capabilities and set up strategies. Chargers vary from Degree 1 to Degree 3. Degree 1 chargers are the slowest and solely require a typical outlet, whereas Degree 3 chargers are the quickest and are sometimes utilized in business settings. Some chargers additionally embody options to assist with wire administration and set up.

Within the US, most electrical vehicles are suitable with Degree 1 and a pair of chargers. Degree 3 chargers, alternatively, typically require a Mixed Charging System connector or one other kind of DC quick charging plug, which can or is probably not obtainable to you. 

Let’s break these ranges down a bit additional.

Degree 1

Degree 1 chargers are the slowest kind of EV charger, offering a charging price of roughly 4-5 miles of vary per hour of charging. They use a typical 120-volt family outlet and are sometimes included if you buy a brand new electrical car. Degree 1 chargers are finest suited to in a single day trickle charging at residence, as they’ll take as much as 24 hours to totally cost an empty battery. 

Degree 2

Degree 2 chargers present a quicker charging price than Degree 1 chargers, sometimes offering 10-20 miles of vary per hour of charging. They require a devoted 240-volt circuit and should require set up by a licensed electrician relying in your municipality and residential’s capabilities. Degree 2 chargers are generally present in public charging stations and are additionally appropriate for residence use, as they’ll totally cost an EV battery in 4-8 hours.

Degree 3

Degree 3 chargers, often known as DC Quick Chargers or speedy chargers, are the quickest kind of EV charger and may present a full cost in as little as 20-Half-hour. They require a specialised charging connector (referred to as a quick charging plug) and sometimes use a better voltage and amperage than Degree 1 and Degree 2 chargers. Degree 3 chargers are generally present in business or public charging stations and are unrealistic for private use


How a lot does an electrical automobile charger value?

Most EV chargers value between $300 and $1,500, relying on the kind of charger and set up necessities. Degree 1 chargers are normally included with a brand new electrical car, and a substitute will value round $300. Degree 2 chargers value between $400 to $1,500, though that value might rise relying in your electrical scenario. Degree 3 chargers are unsuitable for private use and may value as much as $50,000. 

Along with the charger’s value, there could also be extra prices related to set up, permits, and electrical upgrades, significantly for Degree 2. Set up prices can differ broadly relying on elements corresponding to the situation of the charger, {the electrical} infrastructure of the constructing, and the necessity for added tools or permits. If in case you have questions, name your native electrical firm or authorities hotline. 

Different value concerns

Many authorities tax credit, grants, and rebates can be found all through the US to assist offset the price of EV chargers and set up. These incentives differ by location and vary from month-to-month funds to sponsored purchases. 

Some states and cities might have larger electrical car registration charges to offset the shortage of gasoline taxes, which many governments use for highway upkeep. Do your analysis earlier than investing in electrical automobiles to see if the fee is best for you. 

It’s additionally essential to think about the larger electrical payments that include charging an electrical car. Fortunately, most EV chargers have companion apps that can assist you monitor information corresponding to electrical energy utilization, estimated value, charging time, and extra. 

How lengthy does it take to cost an electrical automobile?

Charging instances differ relying in your charging station (Degree 1, 2, or 3), your property’s electrical capabilities, and your automobile’s mannequin. Usually, Degree 1 chargers present a full cost in 12-24 hours, Degree 2 chargers present a full cost in 4-8 hours, and Degree 3 chargers fill an empty battery in round Half-hour. 

Moreover, some electrical vehicles have bigger onboard chargers that may settle for larger charging charges, decreasing the charging time. Charging instances also can differ relying on the battery’s situation, the climate, temperature, and extra. 

home charging

Methods to incorporate an EV charger into your property design

With varied designs and types obtainable available on the market, it’s easy to decide on an EV charger that enhances your residence’s design.

One choice is to decide on a contemporary charger with a minimalist design that blends seamlessly into your property’s exterior. This model of charger typically options clear traces and a easy shade scheme, and is offered in all three charging ranges. 

Moreover, you possibly can think about the charger’s location when incorporating it into your new residence’s aesthetic, particularly in case you’re constructing a new customized residence. For instance, when you have a driveway, decide a charger you possibly can mount on a hid publish or wall, permitting it to mix seamlessly into your design.

Last ideas on EV charger set up

As electrical automobiles turn into extra widespread and reasonably priced, accessible and dependable charging infrastructure is changing into extra important. Putting in EV chargers in houses, workplaces, and public areas not solely advantages EV house owners but additionally helps cut back greenhouse gasoline emissions and enhance air high quality. With developments in expertise and elevated authorities assist, putting in EV chargers has turn into simpler and extra reasonably priced than ever earlier than. 

If you wish to cut back your carbon footprint at residence and assist the setting, EV chargers will be a wonderful alternative for you.